Monday, 28 April 2014



  • People living in the slums often pay 5-10 times more per liter of water than wealthy people living in the same city.

  • Every 20 seconds, a child dies from a water-related illness.
  • On an average 1 in 6 women in India spend 2 hours a day sourcing and collecting water.
  • Most illnesses are caused by fecal matter contaminating water.
  • More people have a mobile than a toilet in their homes.
  • Water consists of three atoms, 2 Hydrogen atoms and an Oxygen atom; they are bond together due to electrical charges.

  • The earth is a closed system, similar to a terrarium, meaning that it rarely loses or gains extra matter. The same water that existed on the earth millions of years ago is still present today.
  • Water moves around the earth in a water cycle. The water cycle has five parts: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, infiltration and surface run-off.
  • The total amount of water on the earth is about 326 million cubic miles or 844 million cubic kilometers.
  • Of all the water on the earth, humans can use only about one third. Such usable water is found in groundwater aquifers, rivers, and freshwater lakes.
  • Almost 70 - 75 percent of the earth’s surface is covered with water.
  • Much more fresh water is stored under the ground in aquifers than on the earth’s surface.

  • Water dissolves more substances than any other liquid. Wherever it travels, water carries chemicals, minerals, and nutrients with it.
  • In a 100-year period, a water molecule spends 98 years in the ocean, 20 months as ice, about 2 weeks in lakes and rivers, and less than a week in the atmosphere.
  • Most of the earth's surface water is permanently frozen or salty.
  • Water regulates the earth's temperature.
  • Water freezes at zero degrees Celcius.
  • Water vaporizes at a hundred degrees Celcius.
  • Water is the only substance that is found naturally on earth in three forms: liquid, gas, solid.
  • Frozen water is 9% lighter than water, which is why ice floats on water.
  • When water contains a lot of calcium and magnesium, it is called hard water. Hard water is not suited for all purposes water is normally used for.
  • Each day the sun evaporates a trillion tons of water.
  • A single tree will give off 265 liters of water per day by way of evaporation.
  • Roughly 70 percent of an adult’s body is made up of water.
  • While the daily recommended amount of water is eight glasses a day, not all of this water must be consumed in the liquid form. Nearly every food or drink provides some water to the body.
  • Soft drinks, coffee, and tea, while made up almost entirely of water, also contain caffeine. Caffeine can act as a mild diuretic, preventing water from traveling to necessary locations in the body.
  • Flushing the toilet actually takes up the largest amount of water in domestic use.
  • By the time a person feels thirsty, his or her body has lost over 1 percent of its total water weight.
  • The water and sanitation crisis claims more lives through disease than any war does.
  • The total amount of water in the body of an average adult is 37 litres.
  • Human brains are 75 percent water.
  • Human bones are 25 percent water.
  • Human blood is 83 percent water.
  • Almost 75 percent of a chicken is water.
  • Close to 80 percent of a pineapple is water.
  • 95 percent of a tomato is water.
  • 70 percent of an elephant is water.
  • A dripping tap can waste as much as 75 litres of water a day.
  • A person can live about a month without food, but only about a week without water. If a human body does not absorb enough water dehydration is the result.
  • A person must consume 2 litres of water daily to live healthily. Humans drink an average of 75,000 litres of water throughout their life.
  • Human beings cannot drink salt water.
  • Water regulates the temperature of the human body. If you have caught fever, you should drink lots of water.
  • Water removes toxins from the human body.
  • Water leaves the stomach five minutes after consumption.
  • Less than 1 percent of the water treated by public water systems (such as BWSSB) is used for drinking and cooking.
  • It takes 450 litres of water to produce one egg.
  • About 25,700 litres of water is required to grow a day's food for a family of four.
  • A total of 1,48,000 litres of water is used to manufacture one car.
  • The world's average rainfall is about 850 mm.
  • More than half the creatures on the Earth are found under water.

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Mr Shivakumar has several publications and significant number of patents, which are under commercial exploitation to benefit the society. His research experience spans over several fields and areas in applied sciences. He has a "National Award" to his credit, awarded by the Union Government of India in the year 2001 for one of his innovations. He was awarded the "Citizen Extraordinary" by Rotary International in the year 2007. The First Innovation award "Ammulya 2012" for two of his patents was awarded by Government of Karnataka in addition to other state awards and recognitions.